The flag of Turkey is a red flag featuring a white star and crescent. The star and crescent are symbols that have been associated with the Ottoman Empire and Turkey for centuries. The flag is referred to as the "Al Bayrak" (the Red Flag) in Turkish. The flag's design is believed to have been inspired by the banner of the Ottoman Army, which featured a white star and crescent on a red field. The current design of the flag was adopted on May 29, 1936, following the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in 1923.